A blog visitor, Stephen, told me about how Chinese dictionaries usually don’t tell about tone changes. And a fellow blogger, Someday Korean, also told me that sometimes the tone change itself was not written as Pinyin. So I guess I have to figure it out by myself from language textbooks. Thank you for teaching me about this… stuff! 多谢您指教！←(I don’t even know how to read this).
I found a Chinese – Japanese online dictionary which showed the tone changes (http://dictionary.goo.ne.jp/cj/).
Mmm… what did I learn today?
From lesson 7 that I didn’t finish yesterday, I learned about r化 (r…-ization?). So sometimes Chinese add -r to nouns like song, bag, flower, taste, and smell which makes the nouns sound ‘cute’ or ‘small’… And sometimes to verb or adjective, too.
If the sound before -r ends with -i, -n, the -i, -n is not pronounced.
-i + r
味儿 wè(i)r… so the pronunciation is wer, because -i is not pronunced… (But I had to type it ‘weier’ to get the right characters).
-n + r
玩儿 wá(n)r… the pronunciation sounds like war, because -n is not pronounced… (I had to type ‘waner’).
In case of -ng + -r, the vowel before -ng turns to nasal sound, and you curl your tongue at the end. Huh? What does it mean?
Example: 空儿 kò(ng)r
I can’t catch the actual sound… was it kòng… with a vague r?
Expression of the day (lesson 8)
Lesson 8 was about 3 ways to pronounce “e” and the hidden “o” & “e” (not written, but it’s still pronounced). (I don’t even know where they came from, but now they hide themselves without clear reason why).
If a consonant comes before iou, uei, and uen, o and e in the middle is not written.
秋 q + iou is written as qiū
回 h + uéi becomes huí
论 l + uèn becomes lùn
The hidden o and e is especially clear for tone no. 3.
9 jiǔ (jioǔ)
腿 tuǐ (tueǐ)
准 zhǔn (zhǔen)
That’s all. Even as I type this, I hardly remember anything.😓
I changed my Chinese keyboard to Microsoft New Experience Input Style. It’s so much easier to use than Google Pinyin Input 2 because it’s in English. I don’t know why it keeps changing from half-width to full-width letters, though.😖 ###